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Research Methodology


  • Definition and fundamentals of scientific research 
  • Research topic, problem, questions, objectives, hypothesis formulation 
  •  literature review (Research operationalization and conceptualization) 
  • types of research
  • Sampling techniques and procedures
  • Data collection techniques (library research, field observation and measurement, interview techniques, survey techniques, rapid appraisal, laboratory analysis etc.) 
  • data analysis and interpretation 
  • Discussion of the results 
  • research ethics and integrity,
  •  systems of referencing
  • research proposal and thesis writing
  • writing a scientific research paper